FASDs COME IN DIFFERENT FORMS
FASDs are diagnosed under five categories
Out of the four types of FASDs, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most common, as well as the most severe. People with FAS tend to have physical problems like a shorter height and different facial features.
They also have problems with attention, vision and hearing, and communication. Social skills are also impacted by FAS.
People with Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) tend to have difficulty with self-regulation, behavior, and adaptive skills. People with ARND can also have intellectual and learning disabilities. Unlike FAS, people with ARND rarely exhibit facial or growth abnormalities.
Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBDs) affect functioning of the internal organs such as the bones, liver, kidneys, brain, and heart.
A person can be diagnosed with Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) if their mother drank more than 13 alcoholic beverages per month of pregnancy or drank at least 2 alcoholic beverages in one sitting. People with ND-PAE typically have problems with behavior, daily routines, and memory.